Applied PBL Peeper
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Applied PBL Peeper


How do I check for memory leaks?

Using the Find Page, search for both Create and Destroy in the same pass. Ensure that Destroys are executed for all Creates.


How do I migrate my application back from PowerBuilder 9 to PowerBuilder 8?

Create an empty directory. Load your application into PBL Peeper 9. Go to the Export Page and the Mass Export subpage. Export the application to that empty directory. Exit PBL Peeper 9. Edit all exports to remove any PowerBuilder 9 specific code, such as HTMLDW specifications in DataWindows. Load any application in the PBLs Page of PBL Peeper 8. Use a tool like PowerGen (http://www.ecrane.com) To Bootstrap Import the exports into PBLs. (People back migrating to PowerBuilder 9 or later have the option of using ORCAScript to bootstrap the PBLs. Library Painter becomes problematic when loading cross-dependent or circularly dependent objects.) Go to PowerBuilder 8 and run a full regeneration of the new PBLs.


How do I check that all objects are built based on my class library?

Load the application. Go to the Lists Page, the Objects subpage. Run the View / Show menu item and select Ancestor Information. Set the filter to Lower (Ancestor) = Lower (Type). The objects shown should only be the class library objects. Repeat the same process on the Controls subpage, or produce the Inheritance report and include controls, reviewing the System Inherited Controls section at the end.

 

Overriding scripts that are inherited from your class library can defeat your ability to implement universal logic in the ancestors. Scripts that override the ancestor without calling the ancestor anywhere in its script should be reviewed as to why the override was done, and the framework should be evaluated to determine if the functionality being avoided should be configurable from the descendant. To get a list of these scripts, go to the Scripts List subpage, and select Show... / Extended. A filter that looks something like this should give you a list of scripts that should be reviewed for internal calls to the super event/function:


(Type = “Function” AND Scripted_Ancestor = “Yes”) OR

(Type = “Event” AND Extended = “Overridden” AND

            (          (Event_Type = “System” AND Owner_Has_Ancestor = “Yes”) OR

                        (Event_Type = “Custom” AND Custom_Defn = “Ancestor”)

            )

)

 



How do I ensure that GUI standards have been kept?

To check simple attribute-based GUI standards (e.g. font face, font height, colour), go to the appropriate subpage (Objects, Controls or DW Objects) on the Lists page. Run the View / Show menu item and select Attributes, selecting the attribute(s) to check. Sort by the attribute to review, and look for any items that do not meet the standard.

 

To check complex GUI standards (e.g. distance between controls), go to the appropriate subpage (Objects or Controls) on the Lists page. Run the View / Show menu item and select Attributes, selecting the attribute(s) to check. Export the data and the syntax. Import the syntax to review the DataWindow’s table structure. Then build an external DataWindow with identical table structure that includes additional groupings, computed columns, etc... that will be necessary to determine GUI standard compliance. Import the data exported from PBL Peeper and review.


I want to browse an object, but I don’t know what PBL it’s in.

Go to the Lists page, the Objects subpage. Use the Edit / QuickFind function (with focus in the Object column) or the Edit / Find function to locate the object in the list. Use the View / Browser function to switch to that object on the Browse Page (this menu item is also available on the toolbar, using the same icon as the Browse Page).

 

Or, go to the Browse Page and use the Edit / QuickFind function (with focus on the treeview). Use the Up function to move to the PBL.


I want to review all the DataWindow Clicked (or other) scripts.

Go to the Lists page, the Scripts subpage (be prepared to wait as it indexes all objects containing scripts). Select the View / Show menu item, and select Owner Type from the list. Sort and filter as appropriate. To review within PBL Peeper, select from the list successive scripts to review and select the View / Browser menu item (or the corresponding toolbar item). To review all the scripts at once, or to review outside of PBL Peeper, select all the rows for the scripts to review, and select the File / Print menu item, selecting Print selected scripts’ contents from the list. Select the Output Target as Rich Text Window. This will produce a rich text window containing the scripts you want to review. These can be searched online, or saved or printed for later review.


My application GPFs.

Run your application with PBDebug turned on (search your manuals for how this works). Be warned that your application will run quite slowly for this, and may produce a rather large trace file. Load your application into PBL Peeper. Go to the Trace page and load the trace file. Select the View / Last menu item (or toolbar icon). This will take you to the last line your application executed before it GPF’d. Selecting View / Show... / Current Call Stack will give you the context from which the last function was called.


How do I use PBL Peeper for producing reports on my system?

The type of reports you want will determine how you use PBL Peeper for reporting. In the Reports Page, using the Application Print report is a good start. The resolve type will significantly influence the type of information this conveys (see Preferences). Those wanting to include the contents of objects in their documentation can use Rich Text Window as the Output Target. On the Lists Page, several lists can be used as produced immediately. The View / Show menu item gives opportunity to add extra information to the lists, including any PowerBuilder attribute (e.g. X, Y, Width, Height) for objects, controls and DataWindow objects. If the format of the lists is unsuitable, or additional groupings or calculated fields are desired, exporting the data and syntax can be exported for later customization. The Reports Page may also include reports suitable for system documentation.


Can I produce system metrics from PBL Peeper?

On the Lists Page, sums and counts are always included at the bottom of every list. The View / Show menu item also shows information useful in collecting statistics, such as script line count or object line count. For ad-hoc reporting of metrics, these lists can be filtered to produce statistics (e.g. filter the Objects list on Type to get a count of windows). For reproducible reports, export the syntax and data from a basic list (without using the Show option to display additional information), and produce a report with appropriate groupings and computed fields with identical data structure to the list DataWindow. Import the exported data whenever metrics are required.


I want to move an object to another application, but I don’t know what other objects it needs.

The Lists Page, References subpage provides this information. Select the object in the left panel, with Ancestors, References and Cascading all checked. The resulting set of objects in the right pane, if copied over to the other application, will allow for a clean regen without ancestor missing errors or reference missing errors.


I want to find how many times a function is being called during runtime for a certain task.

Produce a text debug trace of a sample application run using PowerBuilder’s PBDEBUG functionality. Start PBL Peeper with the application and load the trace file into the Trace Page. Use the View / Show menu item and select Call stacks matching.... In the window that pops up, enter the name of the function and press Find. The window that is produced will show all instances in the trace file where that function was called, including the call stack that produced the call to that function.


How do I see all the instance variables?

Using the Find Page, search for “type variables” (the internal header for instance variables in exports) in character-by-character mode, searching All portion types, outputting the entire script/portion. Similar methods can be used for shared variables and object structures.


How do I launch PBL Peeper from the source PBLs in Windows Explorer (file associations)?

You can associate PBL Peeper with PBLs and assign actions to them that occur if you double click them or bring up their context menu. The following should get you started in the right direction. It is based on what I did on a Win98SE system; see your OS documentation for details.

 

                      In Windows Explorer, View / Folder Options.... / File Types

                      Assuming there’s no existing definition for PBL, press New Type

                                  Press Change Icon... and select the icon you want to associate with PBLs (I browsed to the PowerBuilder executable and associated the PowerBuilder icon)

                                  Put PowerBuilder Library in Description of Type

                                  Under actions, select New...

                                  Put Open PBL’s App in Action; put "G:\Program Files\Techno-kitten\PBL Peeper 9\pblpeeper9.exe" /pblapp:%1 in Application used to perform action (the path to the PBL Peeper executable is, of course, specific to your installation); press OK

                                  Optionally, repeat for Open PBL using the /pbl:%1 parameter

                                  Optionally, repeat for Find in PBL’s App, using the /initpage:find /pblapp:%1 parameters (this loads the app to the Find page much more quickly)

                                  Optionally, select one for default using Set Default

                      Similar steps can be done for PBT files and PBW files, with the /target and /workspace command line parameters.

 

                      Assuming there’s no existing definition for DBG, press New Type

                                  Select appropriate descriptions and icons

                                  Under actions, select New...

                                  Put Open with current app in Action; put "G:\Program Files\Techno-kitten\PBL Peeper 9\pblpeeper9.exe" /current /initpage:trace /dbg:%1 in Application used to perform action (the path to the PBL Peeper executable is, of course, specific to your installation); press OK

                                  Optionally, set this action as the default

 

Now, when you double click a PBL or DBG, or select the appropriate context menu, you will automatically launch PBL Peeper. See Command Line Parameters for details on how these parameters work.


How do I search / review an object and its ancestors?

To most exhaustively search an object and its ancestors, set resolve levels to the highest levels: scripts and optionally DataWindow tables and controls. Go to either the Browse page or the Lists / Objects page and print the object contents to a rich text window. When selecting print parameters, be sure to check: Attribute Ancestors, Script Ancestors, Script Contents: All and both Show Ghosts. The resultant rich text window can be used with its Find functionality.


How do I selectively search and replace?

This method is granular only to the object level. Go to the Find page. Enter the search parameters. Select DataWindow Output. In the output, select the rows (Ctrl-Click and Shift-Click) for the objects in which you want the target items replaced. Select Edit / Object Filter / Set Object Filter From Selected. Go to the Process page and your search and replace will be restricted to the objects specified by the object filter you just created.


Can I use Script or SQL formatting from the PowerBuilder IDE?

In the PowerBuilder IDE, custom icons can be added to the toolbar to call external programs. Set up a custom icon to format scripts, provide a command line similar to this:

 

"D:\PowerBuilder Projects\PBL Export\PB8\pblpeeper8.exe" /win:scriptformatter /loadclipboard /saveclipboard /autoclose

 

Then, while developing, Select All and Copy from the script painter, press your custom icon, and when PBL Peeper disappears, Paste. To create a toolbar icon for SQL formatting, use SQLFormatter as the window parameter.


How do I create a class hierarchy diagram in Visio?

While PowerDesigner will reverse engineer your PBLs and create a class hierarchy diagram, you may need to do the same thing with Visio, depending on the available tool set. To accomplish this (details may vary between Visio versions):

                      Load the Lists / Objects page

                      Go to the menu and select View / Show... / Ancestor Information

                      For each object type of “userobject”, “window” and “menu” (and optionally for various types of user objects)

                                  Select View / Filter and set the filter to type = the selected object type

                                  Select File / Save As... and save the list as Text with Headers

                                              Inconsistently, Visio requires a line in the text file defining the top level entity (the object type). To create this, copy one of the lines of text for an object and replace the object name and ancestor fields with something appropriate

                                  In Visio, select File / New / Organization Chart / Organization Chart Wizard

                                              Load the file

                                              Set the Name field to ObjectName

                                              Set the Reports To field to Ancestor

                                              Optionally, add PBLName and Comments to the Displayed Fields

                                              Specify the option to take control over how much data is displayed on each page (I prefer putting everything on one Visio page, and tiling onto multiple sheets of paper at printing.)


How do I compare specific attributes between versions?


Sometimes a full comparison of applications versions produces too much data; sometimes you need to compare specific sets of data. If you can view a set of attributes in a List, you can compare them between versions. Loading each version in turn, load the data into a List, then File / Save As / SQL to create SQL to load the data into a temporary table for each version. (Depending on the DBMS you’re using, you may need to tweak the SQL that creates the table.) Then you can compare attributes using standard SQL.

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